Women's Health Terms Beginning with the Letter "Y"
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching or pain. The cause is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection. The most common types of vaginitis are:
- Bacterial vaginosis. This type results from overgrowth of one of several organisms that are normally present in the vagina, upsetting the natural balance of vaginal bacteria. Many women have vaginitis and may not even be aware of it.
- Yeast infections. A naturally occurring fungus called Candida albicans (C. albicans) usually causes this type of vaginitis. An estimated three out of four women will have a yeast infection in their lifetime.
- Trichomoniasis. This type is caused by a parasite and is commonly transmitted by sexual intercourse.
- Atrophic vaginitis. This type results from reduced estrogen levels after menopause. The vaginal tissues become thinner and drier, which sometimes leads to itching, burning or pain.
Your doctor will diagnose the type of vaginitis, and refer for the appropriate treatment.